Non-confidential facts and advice to the Deputy Mayor for Policing and Crime (DMPC)
1. Introduction and background
1.1. The counterpart of this report is exempt because it falls within an exemption specified in para 2(2) of the Elected Local Policing Bodies (Specified Information) Order 2011 and/or under the Freedom of Information Act 2000, e.g. because the information amounts to personal data, is confidential or commercially sensitive.
1.2. The inquest commenced on 6 February 2017, with a ten week time estimate.
1.3. On 31 August 2010 at 2.58am police received a call from Mrs Lewis. Police officers from Croydon were dispatched because shouting could be heard in the background and there was the possibility of a domestic incident. On arrival at Mrs Lewis’ home address police officers were reassured that the family did not want police involvement and that medical assistance would be sought for her son, Mr Olaseni Lewis, if required.
1.4. At 4.41am staff at Croydon University Hospital called police claiming that Mr Lewis was causing a disturbance, and was being aggressive. Police officers from Croydon attended the hospital. Mr Lewis was detained by police officers under s.136 Mental Health Act 1983 following advice from an Approved Mental Health Professional working within attendance A & E.
1.5. Mr Lewis was taken to the Maudsley Hospital. Mr Lewis was placed in an observation room and police officers left.
1.6. At about 9.20am Maudsley Hospital reported to police that Mr Lewis had absconded from hospital. Police officers succeeded in returning Mr Lewis to hospital. Later that morning Mr Lewis was taken to the Bethlem Royal Hospital as a voluntary patient – police were not involved in this move.
1.7. On 31 August 2010 at 9.30pm police were called to the Bethlem Royal Hospital. Mr Lewis had been sectioned under s.5(2) Mental Health Act due to his disturbed and resistant behaviour. His behaviour had become violent and he had damaged hospital property. 5 police officers, including one Sergeant, attended the hospital. They spoke with staff, before going to see Mr Lewis.
1.8. A decision was made to move Mr Lewis to a seclusion room with police assistance
1.9. The officers attempted to move Mr Lewis to the seclusion room but a struggle ensued once in the room, so the door could not be secured. The officers on scene requested further assistance and a further 6 officers attended.
1.10. There followed further attempts to seclude Mr Lewis, resulting in a restraint of approximately 30 minutes. Mr Lewis became unconscious and was unable to breathe independently. Police officers performed CPR until the London Ambulance Service arrived.
1.11. Mr Lewis was taken to Croydon University Hospital. In the ambulance he began breathing independently but subsequent tests indicated he had no brain stem activity and on 04th September his life support was switched off.
1.12. Following a post mortem, cause of death was given as hypoxic brain injury; cardio respiratory arrest and restraint in association with acute behavioural disturbance.
1.13. The IPCC conducted an independent investigation. The officers concerned were treated as witnesses. In September 2011 the IPCC reported and concluded that Mr Lewis’s death arose out of “an exceptional set of circumstances” and that no police officer should be the subject of any misconduct proceedings.
1.14. The IPCC subsequently conceded that the first investigation had been flawed and did not adequately meet the Article 2 obligations in relation to Mr Lewis. By judicial review proceedings, their original report was set aside. They re-investigated the death, this time interviewing the officers under criminal caution. The IPCC report was finalized in April 2015 with recommendations that 6 officers face a gross misconduct panel and 5 face misconduct meetings.
1.15. For 9 of the officers the breach of Professional Standards relate to; Duties and Responsibilities, Use of Force and Orders & Instructions. For 2 officers the breaches relate to Duties and Responsibilities and Orders & Instructions
1.16. The CPS have confirmed that there will be no criminal charges against any of the officers.
1.17. The officers were recognised as having the status of interested party at the last pre-inquest review hearing on 26 October 2016.
1.18. These Applicants represent that they satisfy the criteria for entitlement to financial assistance namely: that they were performing official duties; that they were acting in good faith and that they exercised reasonable judgment. Those issues are considered separately in the attached Exempt Report.
1.19. The first application for financial assistance was made on the 15th November 2016 and approved on the 9th January 2017 by MOPAC. This report is an application for a CAP increase, as a discrepancy was identified in the first application with the amount applied for. It did not represent the estimate provided by the solicitors acting for the applicants and was lower than that being requested by them
2. Issues for consideration
2.1. For the DMPC to consider whether the financial assistance will secure an efficient and effective Metropolitan Police force.
2.2. The DMPC has power to grant the application if she is satisfied that funding the Applicant’s legal expenses in the proceedings is likely to secure the maintenance of an efficient and effective police force.
3. Financial Comments
3.1. The solicitors acting for the officers have submitted an estimate of the total costs of the separate representation in support of the application for financial assistance in the sum of £112,406.40 (including VAT)
3.2. The costs will be met from the 1996 Police Act Expenditure budget held within DLS.
4. Legal Comments
4.1. The DMPC has discretion under Section 3(6) and para. 7 of Schedule 3 of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 to fund police officers’ legal expenses in proceedings if they consider that providing the funding secures the maintenance of an efficient and effective police force, R -v- DPP ex parte Duckenfield (2000) 1 WLR 55. The Deputy Mayor has delegated authority, under para. 4.10 of the Scheme of Delegation, to consider the current application for financial assistance.
4.2. A conflict of interests between the Commissioner and the Applicants which gives rise to the need for separate representation and financial assistance is considered in the attached exempt report.
4.3. Home Office Circular 43/2001 provides guidance which applies to MOPAC. Para. 12 states “police officers must be confident that Police Authorities (now Police and Crime Commissioners) will provide financial support for officers in legal proceedings where they have acted in good faith and have exercised their judgement reasonably. Police Authorities will need to decide each case on its merits, but subject to that, there should be a strong presumption in favour of payment where these criteria are met”.
5. Equality Comments
5.1. There will be media and family/community interest in this case and the MPS cannot discount the inferences and potential for disquiet and distrust that can be brought about by any related activity such as stated above. Unless the community concerns associated with this case are managed effectively there is the potential for the family/community to distrust the police. To continue policing with the consent of the population it serves, the police will always seek to be open and transparent in the decisions we make.
6. Background/supporting papers
6.1. Exempt MPS ‘report on application for financial assistance.